Forging is a manufacturing process, which will involve pressing, hammering, or rolling of a certain type of metal, using a press, hammer, or a die. Usually, the metal will be heated and moulded into a desired shape, but the forging process can also be carried out at room temperature.

There are many different types of forging, these include Drop forging, hand forging, and upset forging. Drop forging is achieved by compressing a piece of metal between two dies. Hand forging is a process performed by a skilled and trained hand, and upset forging is achieved by placing a preheated bar into a set groove, pressure is then applied and formed into the required shape.

The history of forging

The trade of forging dates back to at least 4000 BC, some even argue it started way before this and predate it back to 4500 BC, making the forging process at more than 6000 years old.

Many of the forging processes have improved since forging started, with better machinery and more skilled tradesman the forging process is at the top of its game and continues to improve as the years go by.

Forging and Fire

In the very early stages of mankind, fire was feared because of its destructive power, but once it was controlled it was realised that this power could be useful, initially it was used to scare away animals that may attack, cook with, and provide warmth.

Once they got used to the power of fire and its uses, it was found to be a useful resource and it was experimented more with. Metals such as copper, gold and silver could be heated and shaped using the fire and rocks.

The first metal that was forged

Gold was the first metal to be forged, using a stone to bash it into a desired shape. Technological developments today ensure the bashing is now controlled by computers that controls the hydraulic hammers, the forging process is improving all the time and we are excited to see what the forging future holds.




Residential Rehabilitation

Identify the right treatment process

Firstly, it’s a significant milestone for an addict to identify that they need to seek help for their addictive behaviour. Once you or a loved one has done this, the next step is then to find the most effective treatment for you. Without a doubt, this can be a time of both uncertainty and anxiety, but it is essential for recovery.

We advise a residential rehabilitation-based treatment if you are able to take this route. This is one of the most effective options for recovery treatment in our opinion. Residential rehab is available for the wide variety of addictions that exist within society, from drug and alcohol addictions to behavioural addictions.

Residential rehabilitation allows the specialist to create a plan around you, your needs and your goals, 24 hours a day which is a lot more effective as they can keep a close eye on your behaviour and your withdrawal symptoms.

Rehabilitation on Black Board

Benefits of residential rehab

Some benefits of residential rehabilitation include:

  • 24/7 care.
  • Within residential rehab facilities, there is the availability of 24 hours, on-site care.
  • Removal of temptations.
  • Opting for residential care means that you are removed from environments which could potentially remove the temptation of your usual routine.
  • Allows you to have time away to recover.
  • Attending residential rehab means that you will have time away from ‘normality’. This time will allow you to recover as well as giving you your own space for a while.
  • Provides a positive environment and surroundings.

Everyone within a residential rehab environment is there for the same reasons as you and therefore all understand how you feel and know exactly what you are going through! Due to this, everyone from the staff to the patients is there to help you and provide a positive attitude.

Different Types of Psychologists

There are many types of psychologists. However, in this article, we will discuss the main 3 types and their job roles. From this information, you will be able to identify the differences between each psychologist.

A psychologist is an expert who specialists in psychology.Psychologists

The job role within each type of psychologist is similar however, the area in which they observe will be different. The different types can be found below:


Clinical psychologists support clients manage their personal problems, whether this be health problems, daily life issues, family problems etc. Often, appointments follow the following steps:

  • Interview the client.
  • Provide diagnostic tests.
  • Offer the right therapy in order to help them deal with their issues/ problems.


They are involved with the effect of brain related injuries, diseases and illnesses as well as the thinking patterns and thought processes of their clients. Tests are often carried out to identify these disorders and find out the impact they are having on the client.


Health psychologists focus on their client’s physical health and illnesses. They educate the client on how psychological issues can have an impact on a healthy lifestyle. As well as this, they also educate health care providers.

Car dealers West Midlands

When looking to buy a used car there are many car dealers in and around the west midlands.

Do your research, check out a few different garages and go on a recommendation if you can, it is always better to go from a person that you know and trusts advice than just going into something blind.

When going into Car dealers’ west midlands you could look at a basic checklist to make sure you are buying the right used car for you. Look at your essential requirements when buying a used car, is it big enough, is it economic, does it have a big boot (If you need one) will it fit in the garage, is it diesel or petrol: does that matter to you?

Make sure you can afford it! If you are going into car dealers west midlands to look for a new vehicle, do not pick a car that you cannot afford, do not go into a new agreement that you can not keep up the monthly payments, work out a budget and stick to it. Do not forget to include in your budget that you will also have to pay tax and insurance on top of the cost of the car.

When you buy a used car from car dealers West Midlands, there are many things you should check for to make sure the vehicle is in the best condition it can be.

A used car should always have an HPI check, this will include if the car has been in any accidents, or if it is still on finance.

Check the overall condition of the car, look for scratches, dents, etc, of course, a used car is rarely going to be perfect but just confirm the car only has fair wear and tear for its year. Also check the mileage of the car the average mileage for a car is about 10,000 miles, check its last service in the service book to see if the numbers add up.



Conveyancing fees

Whether you are buying or selling a property, extending a lease or remortgaging, there are going to be conveyancing fees involved. Conveyancing is the legal process involved in buying or selling a property and you will need to pay a solicitor or conveyance to carry this service out for you. However, if you are selling and buying a property at the same time your conveyancing fees will be

It can be tempting to go for the cheapest option, however, if you pay a little bit more, we believe that you will receive better service and your solicitor will be more of an experienced professional. This will ensure that your money is well spent and that they will not let you down.

conveyancing fees


Disbursements are the fees your solicitor or conveyancer must pay to third parties for services as well as checks during the conveyancing process. These include:

  • Anti-money laundering checks

This is required by the government to prevent money laundering. These checks are legal and to confirm your identity when either buying or selling a property.

  • Obtaining title deeds

In order to legally sell your house, you will need a copy of the title deeds. These are a specific series of documents which is usually held by the Land Registry.

  • Searches

When buying a house, it is important to have all the information accessible to you about the property as well as the surrounding area.

As well as many other third-party services including:

  • Property fraud checks
  • Transfer of ownership
  • Bank transfer
  • Stamp duty land tax